Military Power.

  • Military Conquests


The Topa Inca Yupanqui, son and inheritor of the Pachacuti Inca, it was the biggest of all the warriors. Under his headquarters, the Inca empire spread quickly. One of his victories was the conquest of the powerful kingdom Chimu,in the Pacific coast.
The Inca armies got hold of the chimus for surprise, attacking them to the south of his territories. The principal workforce chimus was preparing to defend the territory of the north, more easily to retain.

  • Weapons


The Inca army was the most powerful in the area at that time, because they could turn an ordinary vilalge or farmer into a soldier, ready for
external image weapons2.jpg
external image weapons2.jpg

battle. This is because every male Inca had to take part in war at least once so as to be prepared for warfare again when needed. By the time the empire had reached its large size, every section of the empire contributed in setting up an army for war.
The Incas had no iron or steel, and their weapons were no better than those of their enemies.
The Inca weaponry included:
- Bronze or bone-tipped spears
-Two-handed wooden swords with serrated edges.
-Clubs with stone and spiked metal heads.
-Woolen slings and stones.
-Stone or copper headed battle-axes.
-Bolas (stones fastened to lenghts of cord).
Roads allowed very quick movement for the Inca army, and shelters were built one day's distance in travelling from each other, so that an army on campaign could always be fed and rested.

  • The crime and its punishment


In general, the Incas were men who were pleasing of observing the law. For the fact of counting everything what they needed to live, and theft between them was rare. Inside the Inca territory there were no prisons. Nevertheless, when crimes were committed, the corresponding punishments were in the habit of being severe enough.
The worst crimes were the homicide, to insult the Inca and to be in opposition to the gods. These lacks were punished by the sentence death. The habitual method of execution was consisting of throwing the traitor from the top of a rocky cliff, so that it was smashing against the crags of the bottom.
The adultery, with participation of one of the “Virgins of the Sun ", was particularly the most serious crime; the guilty pair was tied of feet and hands, being hung he and she by the hairs, making them like that, until they were dying of starvation. A similar death was waiting for the one that was courting any of many wives of the Inca. The man and the woman were hung, once naked, in a public square being the white of the jeers of the transients, who were laughing at them while they were agonizing. The one that was daring to insult the gods was finishing meeting hung with the feet up; then, the hangman was stabbing the abdomen, until the intestines were going out for him.
The crimes of minor gravity were punished by the amputation of the hands and the feet, or by the extraction of the eyes. Later, the guilty unfortunate persons were supported by the State, which was taking charge of his subsistence and aspect.